Birth Injuries: Possible Causes

Birth Injuries: Possible Causes

Child birth injuries are a consequence of many possible causes.

Neither factor should be underestimated, as it may result in permanent damage to the newborn and even be fatal.

Mothers Narrow Birth Canal

Ideally, a pregnant woman should give birth after 40 weeks of the last menstrual cycle, and the baby has grown 50 cm in length and from 3200 g to 3500 g in weight.

The very act of birth for the baby is a great effort, it must break through the bony and muscular circle of the mother’s pelvis.

In doing so, its head is exposed to great pressure and deformation.

If the mothers birth canal (pelvic bone, uterus mouth, and pelvic muscles) is narrow or not sufficiently elastic or too tight, and delivery is delayed, and if it is necessary to use birth pliers – forceps or vacuum, there is a risk of moving the bones of the baby’s skull and with it also a possibility of internal bleeding and injury to the brain tissue in the baby.

Medical Birth Pliers Forceps
Proper/Misplaced Forceps


Major birth injuries can even kill a newborn baby.

If the child suffers a brain injury, in 30% of cases it is likely that it will remain defective until the end of his life.

At places where the brain sustained injuries, cracks are seen when the spinal cord is formed, such damaged tissue of the brain is no longer healing.

A child born with such damage often suffers from  cerebral palsy , which greatly impedes its normal mental development, turning it into a potential emotionally sick person.

Because of a brain injury, the baby may remain half-witted or in early childhood to experience epileptic seizures, usually in the form of swelling of the entire body.

Epilepsy is a serious illness that greatly hinders man in to constructively adapts with the environment.

Sometimes the child suffers from all three defects in such a brain injury, remains physically and psychologically disabled until the end of his/her life.

Important to remember

Complicated and Prolonged labor

If the birth is normal, the child begins to breathe with the umbilical cord termination itself.

Due to prolonged labor or complicated deliveries, the child may not start breathing immediately (anoxia).

His body can then remain oxygen free for several minutes.

Proper and timely provision of first aid initiates normal breathing, but the brain has already suffered injury due to lack of oxygen in those few minutes and a number of brain cells have already died out, and this damage cannot be repaired.

A study published in the “American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology” of 1960. indicates the consequences of anoxia at birth.

The results points out that a large percentage of children who were anoxically born in later life had mental disabilities.

The children who do not start breathing right after delivery, are later mostly overly sensitive and more agitated than the children who did not have any problems with breathing at birth.

Needless to say, the chances of this type of damage are drastically reduced if delivery is performed by an expert in hospital conditions and professional supervision at home.

When the gynecologist follows the health of the pregnant woman from the very beginning, then an early diagnosis of an eventual anomaly and her hospital treatment is possible.

In such conditions, with timely intervention, delivery will be provided without affecting the child’s health.

Important to remember

After Birth Challenges

The very act of birth, the child is so traumatic that he can endanger its life.

But the biggest life challenge for a child is when suddenly find itself in a completely new environment outside the mother’s body.

Suddenly it must get used to changes in ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, light, noise, odors and other stimuli.

It must instantly breathe on her own and take food.

First breastfeed after birth
First breastfeed after birth

Its bloodstream changes, it immediately faces many hazards such as infected by – pathogenic microbes – with which the young organism has to compete.

The nervous system of the newborn from the outside world suddenly registers, a large number of new, so far unknown irritations that need to be submitted and synchronize.

All of this from the baby requires quick and good adjustment, which is a difficult task for an organism that is first encountered with a completely new setting of existence.

The philosopher Immanuel Kant said that the first child’s weeping is an expression of fear in the newborn from the environment in which it was suddenly found.

Psychoanalyst Otto Rank claims that all the fears in men’s later life come from the first great fear they experienced during the time of birth.

Such generalization is certainly wrong, but the fact remains that the delivery can cause permanent damage to the child, and thus seriously threaten the normal development of its personality.

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