In order to understand the child’s needs, primarily we must be acquainted with their nature and origin.
What are Life Needs?
Man’s behavior is caused by aspirations that are deeply implanted in the structure of his personality. They are called life needs.
Life needs are many, they are different, changing along with:
- Raising the personal standards of living
- Progress of the civilization
- Progress of the culture
- Constant work to improve own psychological state
Physiological and Psychological Life Needs
Life needs can be reduced to a single basic need which, from the very birth, is implanted in human nature and acts with such a force that even the developed consciousness cannot oppose it.
That is the need expressed through the drive for self-preservation. It occurs in all areas of life as two types of needs:
Physiological Life Needs
Physiological needs arise as a need for:
- Protection against extreme weather conditions
- Satisfying sexuality
The instinct for sustaining life and survival are the first physiological manifestations of biological needs that we see in a child immediately after birth. In fact, these are the only functions that can describe the behavior of the newborn. It feeds by urges, when it is sated, it sleeps, which is the result of a pleasant feeling, when it is hungry –it cries, because of the unpleasant feeling caused by the hunger. The newborn has an irresistible need to sleep. When it’s warm, when it’s dry, when it’s not bothered with stimuli from the environment or from its own body, it immediately falls asleep, and cries when something disturbs the dream, because something creates a feeling of discomfort, such as: hunger, cold, wet diaper, abdominal nausea, noise, excessive light and other irritations.
Satisfying the biological needs of a child is actually the care provided by adults from his surroundings, most often parents. Through the needs, which impose basic life functions, are the way in which the child first comes into contact with the people around it. Parents, for the first time, express their emotion towards it, and the child acquires the first experiences of the outside world, experiences with the people around him, and his position among them. Therefore, with the care provided to the child, his raising begins. These are established the foundations for a proper attitude towards him. But often, from the very beginning of the upbringing, the first mistakes occur. Nursing and nutrition of infants are the means of gaining trust of the child in the parents and at the same time building parental educational authority. But this can also turn into a possibility of conflict with the child, and grow into a frustration that will cause negative emotions, like fear, defiance, and so on.
Each of their successful accomplishments brings with them a sense of comfort while long-standing inability causes a feeling of dissatisfaction.
Psychological Life Needs
Psychological needs arise as a need for:
In addition to physiological needs, there is a psychological need for pleasure in the form of aspiration for self-actualization. It is a man’s need to feel the values оf his personality, to receive some kind of recognition as an individual, to feel useful in the environment in the segment of his activities and abilities. Real self-actualization is experienced through the achievement of life successes, that fulfill a person with an intimate sense of satisfaction and happiness.