With active forms of negative behavior, children react mainly to the same mistakes in the process of their educators that cause passive behavioral disorders. Here, too, we encounter authority, abuse, cuddling, and loveless upbringing as basic causal factors in a child’s environment. After all, active forms of unhealthy child behavior often carry impurities of passive forms of such behavior. Just as a timid child can be defiant, so can an aggressive child be withdrawn.
It is difficult to say anything definite about why one child in a given situation reacts in an active way and another in a passive way. It probably depends on a number of factors and the complex life constellation of the child and on his psychic constitution, which we do not yet know enough about.
There are many different forms of active behavioral disorders, but they can generally be divided into three categories:
- Intrusive behavior
- Defiant behavior
- Aggressive behavior
These three categories can be combined with each other and cross into each other without a clear boundary.